Mouth hygiene

hygiene

Why should you clean your teeth regularly?

In order to remove food particles from the teeth and dental plaque, which causes caries and periodontal disease. You should clean your teeth at least twice a day, but it is better to clean them after each meal.

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How should you clean your teeth?

While cleaning your teeth don’t hold you toothbrush horizontally, but move it concentrically. There is no exact rule in which order you should clean each tooth surface, therefore it is the best solution to work out a system for yourself, and clean wour teeth according to this system on every occasion. It is very important to clean all tooth surfaces carefully. A good toothcleaning lasts 2-3 minutes, within a shorter time a thorough cleaning is not possible. One more advice: though it sounds a bit strange, it is recommended to dlean your tongue with the tooth brush, as well. This way you can prevent the rapid multiplying of bacteria on the tongue.

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Be careful: press your fingers against the other teeth, so that your hand doesn’t slip. Clean the specific surface thoroughly, and carry on wiht the surface of the neighbouring teeth. You should clean each tooth individually.

The causes of tartar build-up and plaque formation

There is a number of materials in our oral cavity that may get deposited on our teeth. This is the so-called plaque, which causes different tooth diseases. Plaque is formed, if you don’t clean your teeth properly and not as frequent as necessary. Plaque mainly consists of bacteria. If calcium carbonate (which is a component of saliva) is added to the plaque a very solid material, tartar is formed. The different colouring agents such as coffee, coke, tea, tobacco alter the colour both of the teeth and the tartar. The tartar deposit mostly appear where the tooth joins the gum, usually opposite the embouchure of the salivary glands.

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If you fail to remove the plaque regularly after eating, it can cause inflammation. If your gum is inflamed, it bleeds when you wash your teeth, it hurts and becomes red. As a result of the inflammation, gingival pockets appear around the tooth and the infection can spread on the deepest tissues of the periodontium, finally leading to bone loss. The teeth get loose, start to move and may fall out.

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Depuration

The removal of the tartar build-up is a basic intervention to cure an inflamed gum and periodontitis. Scaling ( removal of calcareous deposits ) rids any deposit on the teeth including tartar and plaque. The process is performed with an ultrasonic scaler.

What is a good toothbrush like?

A good toothbrush has medium or soft bristles, a small-sized head and the grip is flexible. It is also useful if the head of the toothbrush is flexible, because besides soft bristles, this fact helps to prevent the abrasion of the neck of tooth due to incorrect tooth-brushnig techniques. These abrasions are caused by the back and forth movement, namely the hotizontally moved toothbrush.

The abrasion of the dental neck is not only disadvantageous from the aesthetic point of view, but it makes our teeth sensitive to external stimulus, like cold or hot dishes, drinks.

Nowaday most toothbrushes meet these requirements. Nevertheless it is better to buy toothbrushes from well-know manufactorers, because these can guarantee the correct means for the proper tooth-brushnig technique.

Dental floss

Originally the mediaeval man realized, that the intervals between teeth (vestibular embrasure) should be cleaned thoroughly from remaining food particles. This has not only an aesthetic function, but it has hygienic reasons, as well. The food particles, stuck between the teeth, can rot and may cause dental caries. In the past people tried to clean these difficult to reach areas with wooden toothpicks, and later with thread. Nowadays we don’t have to use such drastic tools. Dental floss of excellent quality are available, which clean the intertooth space gently but effectively. For those who want something even more special, dental floss with menthol flavour is available. Specialized plastic wands or floss picks, have been produced to hold the floss, for an even better cleaning, which also delay the formation of tartar.

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The adequate use of dental floss is the following: 50 cm of dental floss is cut and winded up on forefinger or middle finger of our right and left hand, so that a piece of 10 cm are stretched between our hands. The floss is guided between each tooth and under the gumline to remove particles of food stuck between teeth and dento-bacterial plaque that adhere to such dental surfaces.