What are dentures?

The most important thing to know in connection with dentures, is that they are constructed to replace missing teeth and they are removable. Nowadays dentures are hardly noticeable, they are comfortable but you have to get used to them.


What type of dentures exist?

There are two main categories: complete or partial dentures. Complete dentures are worn by patients who are missing all of the teeth, either on the upper or lower arch. With partial dentures missing teeth are replaced. This is fixed on a metal framework, and is conncted with metal clips ( or precision elements see: combined dentures ) with the natural teeth. In some cases crowns are placed on the natural teeth, which hold the dentures as anchors. Your dentists will help you choose the best type of dentures for you.

What are dentures made of?

Dentures are made individually in dental laboratories on the basis of impressions. The basic material is a flesh-coloured plastic, which the gums fit into. The upper dentures cover the palate, while the lower dentures have a horseshoe shape . The framework of the dentures can be made of metal.The teeth are usually made of plastic resin, and have the same colour as natural teeth, which is most important in case of partial dentures.

How do dentures influence the appearance, chewing/nutrition and speech?

During the first weeks the new dentures might be uncomfortable. The unusual feeling caused by the denture (feeling of loose-fitting, and the feeling of having something large strange object in your mouth) isn’t rare, until the facial muscles and the tongue learn how to hold the denture in place. The appearance is only influenced to a small degree, but it can also happen, that it even improves it and makes your face and smile even more attractive.

Eating should be practiced, as well. You should chew slowly, and simultaneously at both sides, so that the dentues shouldn’t wobble. You should start with meals, which are easy to chew, until you get used to your dentures and after that you can return to your conventional eating habits. The new dentures can influence speecht at the beginning. The dentures might slip, move when you laugh, cough or smile. In such cases you can put the dentures in place by swallowing and with the closing of the teeth. You should learn how to wear the dentures properly.

How should dentures be cleaned?

  • Dentures are fine constructions, which can crack when dropped.

  • Clean your dentures daily from food particles.

  • Clean your gums, tongue and palate with special toothbrushes.

  • Visit your dentist if the dentures break, something breaks off, crack or loosen, and have an annual check-up.